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Opponents, critics cheer San Onofre nuclear plant shutdown (updated)

Southern California Edison's announcement Friday that it was permanently closing its San Onofre nuclear plantwas greeted with a collective cheer from opponents of the plant but also concern about the decommissioning process and storage of spent nuclear fuel.

Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Chairman of the Environment and Public Works Committee and a vocal critic of Edison's handling of the plant, said in a statement she was "relieved" that the plant would be closed permanently:

Boxer told KPCC that she wants the Department of Justice to find out whether Southern California Edison deliberately misled regulators. She says she's seen the documents.

"They essentially averted and avoided a full license review," she said. She added that the Justice Department conducted a similar review of British Petroleum after Hurricane Katrina, finding "absolutely" there was criminality. She says she's "very concerned" that regulators were misled.

The next battle, she says, is making sure the decommissioning is done right. "I want to make sure it's done safely, I want to make sure that there are no corners cut, I wanna make sure that the plant not an eyesore."

Boxer wants to make sure ratepayers aren't left picking up the tab for the shut down of San Onofre.  She says the California Public Utilities Commission understands this.

Gov. Jerry Brown issued his own statement regarding the decision:

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission will be the lead agency overseeing that process. NRC spokesman Scott Burnell says Edison first must notify regulators that it's permanently removed all fuel from San Onofre's reactor cores. "Until that occurs, the NRC will continue its oversight of the plant to ensure it meets all applicable requirements." Burnell says regulators want to see the utility's formal proposal to permanently close the plant before making any decisions on the ongoing investigations.

"It is all over now, citizen advocates for safety rejoice," read an email from the San Clemente group Residents Organized for a Safe Environment (ROSE).

RELATED: Edison closing San Onofre nuclear plant; will store fuel onsite (photos)

"I'm elated that SCE made such a good decision for the quality of life for all of Southern California," said ROSE founder Gene Stone  in an interview with KPCC.

But after Stone celebrated the closure, he turned to the future.

"I have real concerns about how we go ahead with the decommissioning," Stone said. "Unit 1 (previously retired) is buried on site, will they have room to bury Unit #2 and Unit #3 on site? It’s not permitted as a nuclear storage facility. But at least it’s no longer producing nuclear fuel."

The U.S. has not created a permanent storage facility for spent nuclear fuel. 

“No one signed on to have nuclear waste stored on our coast,” said Stone.  

Does the closure of the San Onofre plant — following the shutdown of plants in Florida and Wisconsin this year — signal a tipping point for the nuclear power industry?

View reaction to San Onofre on Twitter below

"There are two reactors still operating in California, and the two at San Onofre bring the total to, I think, ... five that have previously shut down," said David Lochbaum, a nuclear engineer who once worked for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and who is currently the director of the nuclear safety program for the Union of Concerned Scientists.

The timing of the rash of closures is due to the economics of aging plants and the challenge of replacing or upgrading them safely. And there may be more to come.

Still, California is expected to remain reliant on nuclear power, Lochbaum said. "The largest nuclear power plant in the US is in Arizona, and California imports some of its electricity from Arizona, including some from that plant, so California will continue to import nuclear electricity for the foreseeable future," he said.

(You can listen to Lochbaum's full interview on KPCC's Take Two here.)

For its part, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries — which produced the equipment that led to problems in one of the reactors at San Onofre — expressed disappointment at Southern California Edison's decision to close the plant.

The environmental activist group Friends of the Earth, has been fighting for years to get San Onofre shut down.

"People in Southern California have been living with these dangerous reactors built in a very unsafe place for decades and they can really breathe a sigh of relief," said Damon Moglen with Friends of the Earth. 

Carlsbad anti-nuclear activist Ace Hoffman was happy to hear the plant would be shutdown permanently but worried about storage of spent nuclear fuel.

"Unfortunately we are now left with one of the largest, most concentrated nuclear waste piles on the planet," said Hoffman.  "This will be an eternal problem, but thankfully it is no longer a growing  problem and is becoming safer by the day.  It will take millions of years — not just days — to be safe, but at least we are  headed in the right direction."

The California Public Utilities Commission’s (CPUC) President, Michael R. Peevey, said Friday  the agency plans to move quickly in deciding who should bear the costs for the 16-month shutdown of the nuclear plant.

Gregory Jaczko, who chaired the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) from 2009 to 2012, said Tuesday that U.S. regulators no do not pay enough attention to the dire consequences of nuclear accidents. He spoke in San Diego at a June 4 meeting on the future of nuclear energy. 

“When I was at NRC, there was resistance to looking significantly at these things,” said Jaczko. “I think that’s a mistake.”

Jackzo said most U.S. nuclear plants were designed 50 to 60 years ago and have antiquated safety measures.

According to Edison, the costs for the outage, retirement and decommissioning of the San Onofre nuclear plant will come from four sources.

"California ratepayers, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, our nuclear plant insurance policy and Edison International shareholders," said Edison International Chairman Ted Craver during a Friday conference call with reporters. 

The Natural Resources Defense Council's Legal Director for Western Energy and Climate Projects, Kristin Eberhard, issued the following statement: